Birth registration in Nigeria is the process of carrying out an official recording of the birth of a child by the Nigerian government. It simply establishes the existence of the child registered under the law for the purpose of providing a foundation for safeguarding the child’s civil, political, economic, and social rights.
The Nigerian Population Commission (NPC) is the principal commission responsible for the registration of births in Nigeria since the year 1992 and producing data for the Nigerian people. The NPC has several birth registration centers in different locations at the local government headquarters, hospitals, health centers, and other designated areas for the registration process.
Birth registration is vital and is required for certain documentation such as the issuance of travel documents, application for National Identity Card, enrolment into schools, and other important purposes.
Upon the birth of a child, the Commission requires that the child should be registered with them within the first sixty (60) days of birth and the registration is free and is valid for a lifetime.
Registration is carried out by filling the National Population Commission Live Birth Registration Form B.1. At the end of filling out the registration Form B.1, it is signed by the relevant informant and subsequently signed and stamped by the Registrar.
Where the birth of the child was not done at a hospital or any medical institution, the mother/father is to proceed to the Local government authority where the child was delivered to obtain a sworn affidavit as proof of birth. After obtaining the affidavit, the same is taken to the National Population Commission registration office for presentation and a birth certificate will be issued.
Where the birth of the child was done at the hospital or any medical institution, the child will be issued with a birth certificate as proof of birth. Such certificate is then taken to the registration office of the National Population Commission (NPC) either at the local government headquarters, health center, or other designated areas for presentation, and a Certificate of Registration will be issued.
Information required upon registration
- The name of the child.
- Date of birth.
- Sex of the child.
- Time, type of birth, and birth order.
- Place of occurrence.
- The name of the mother.
- Marital status.
- Age at birth of the child.
- Ethnicity and
- Address of usual Place of residence.
- Particulars of the father.
Birth registration with the National Population Commission is a compulsory process that helps to identify and make a child recognized by the State. With a valid birth registration, the government can manage its population data and it is also beneficial to the child, as it can be used to access various public services and obtain several documentation in Nigeria.